AN ACHAEMENID BRONZE PHIALE MESOMPHALOS
Catalog:Bronze:Near Eastern and Egyptian: stock #1214219
c. 6th-5th Century B.C.
The lotiform phiale with a flaring rim and a central omphalos surrounded by ten lotus petals with bud motifs between them, both done in repousse.
In excellent and original condition. Natural green patina present. Found in the Holy Land.
Diameter: 6.7 inches (17.02 cm)
Worldwide shipping and Certificate of Authenticity included in price.
Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.
O. W. Muscarella, Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1988), fig. 326, p. 218.
The Achaemenid Empire, also referred to as the Persian Empire, was founded by Cyrus The Great in the 6th Century B.C. and lasted until their conquest by Alexander The Great in 334 B.C.. During that time the Achaemenids were responsible for the conquest of some of the greatest empires at that time including, but not limited to the Medians, Lydians, Neo-Babylonians and the Egyptians. At its height the Empire covered over 8 million square kilometers spread over three continents. In addition to their military might, the Achaemenids were excellent craftsmen and artists and have left behind a variety of exquisite material culture.
A phiale was a ceremonial offering vessel integral to the religious practices of a variety of ancient cultures, although they are most generally associated with Greece and Rome. Phiale with this style of decoration began in the Near East and were later transmitted to the western world through trade and conquest.