A CANAANITE HYKSOS PERIOD STEATITE SCARAB
Catalog:Seals, Scarabs, Cuneiform: stock #1314223
Second Intermediate Period, 15th Dynasty (c. 1650-1600 BCE)
In the form of a scarab beetle on the obverse with an inscribed reverse depicting the a-n-r formula above a crown uraeus set between two additional crowned uraei.
Dimensions: 20 x 14 mm
Worldwide Shipping and Certificate of Authenticity Included in Price.
Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.
Daphna Ben-Tor, â€śThe Scarab: A Reflection of Ancient Egyptâ€ť (Jerusalem:1993) pg. 28-32.
The â€śHyksosâ€ť as they are now known were most likely Canaanites, or a group of mixed-Asiatic peoples, who had entered Egypt in the twelfth dynasty and ultimately came to rule. The term â€śHyksosâ€ť is in fact a Greek corruption of â€śhekau khasutâ€ť which means â€śchieftains of a foreign landâ€ť.
The a-n-r inscription found during the period has been interpreted by some to represent the name of the god Ra. However, due to the inconsistency of the inscription between examples as well as the fact that the letters represented do not combine to form a word suggests that the craftsmen were more interested in their magical significance and supports the belief that they were foreign and relatively unfamiliar with the Ancient Egyptian language.