A CANAANITE GLAZED STEATITE SCARAB
Catalog:Seals, Scarabs, Cuneiform: stock #1314228
Middle Kingdom-Second Intermediate Period, Late 14th-Early 15th Dynasty (c. 1700-1640 BCE)
In the form of a scarab beetle on the obverse with an inscribed reverse depicting the red crown of lower Egypt with pseudo-hieroglyphs in field.
Dimensions: 16 x 11 mm
Worldwide Shipping and Certificate of Authenticity Included in Price.
Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.
Daphna Ben-Tor, â€śThe Scarab: A Reflection of Ancient Egyptâ€ť (Jerusalem:1993) pg. 28-32.
The â€śHyksosâ€ť as they are now known, were most likely Canaanites, or a group of mixed-Asiatic peoples, who had entered Egypt in the twelfth dynasty and ultimately came to rule. The term â€śHyksosâ€ť is in fact a Greek corruption of â€śhekau khasutâ€ť which means â€śchieftains of a foreign landâ€ť.
The hieroglyphs on this scarab, although imitating Egyptian script, are clearly made by someone unfamiliar with the language due to their rendering as well their often incorrect placements.